National Program for Organic Production (NPOP)


Organic Products simply mean products that is developed or produced with the use of natural ingredients, or natural pesticides and chemicals or without the use of chemical ones. This method of farming proves to be beneficial for the soil as well as helps in producing nutrition-rich plant produce as well as helps in maintaining the reproductive capacity of the soil.

In the current scenario or we can the demand for such products in the market has increased. Well, this is the situation in not just our country but Also, in many other countries, and those countries also have great consumption capacity for organic produce.

One such Government organization called the Agricultural and Processed Food products Export Development Authority. (APEDA) looks after such kind of activities for the development of the export produce. This organization was established in December 1985 and came into effect on February 13th, 1986.


APEDA has the responsibility of promoting the export and development of various products that are to be exported. It looks upon various functions such as development of industries that relate in the export and providing assistance and subsidies to them, improving the packaging and marketing of those products, providing training in aspect of scheduled products and other such activities.

APEDA plays an important role in the accreditation of certification bodies for National Program for Organic Production (NPOP) organic exports. This certification is done on the basis of the quality of the produce, the process and the packaging of the produce as per the standard laid down in the document NPOP.

NPOP History:

In order to provide focused and well-directed development for quality of organic agricultural products, under the Government of India, the ministry of Commerce and Industry launched NPOP, the national program for organic production.

NPOP logo
Objectives of NPOP:
  1. It provides the means of evaluation for a certification program for organic products and agriculture (It also includes aquaculture, wild harvest, and livestock products as well) according to the approved criteria.
  2. It accredits certification programs of Certification Bodies that require accreditation.
  3. It facilitates certification with the prescribed standards for organic products in conformity
  4. Also facilitates certification of organic products in conformity in consideration with the importing countries and organic standards as per the equivalence agreement between the two countries or as per the requirements of the importing countries.
  5. Encourages the development of organic processing and organic farming.
About NPOP:

NPOP is a program approved by APEDA. This program involves standard procedure implementation for the production of organic produce, approval of the produce by the certification bodies, and promotion and marketing of organic farming. This Also involves guiding the farmers and the producers to manage and produce each and every commodity in such a way that the commodity is not harmed, spoiled as well as environment friendly and nutritious for consumption at the same time.

NPOP does not just include organic farming but also animal feed processing and handling, livestock, aquaculture, mushroom production, seaweeds, aquatic plants and greenhouse crop production certification.

Also, the NPOP program has been recognized by the European Commission and Switzerland, and after thorough examination, it is said to be equivalent to their country’s standards for unprocessed plant produce.

Not just this, but APEDA is negotiating with other countries as well, like South Korea, Canada, Australia, Japan, etc., to standardize the norms and certification for organic produce. An online tool managed by APEDA is TRACENET which is run under NPOP for the entire management of the organic certification system in the country.

Apart from this why there was a need for the same, has an answer supported with some numerical data.  Our organic produce is exported to USA, Canada, European Union, Great Britain, Korea Republic, Israel, Switzerland, Vietnam, Australia, etc. And as of the total export market in this sector, the market value of the total produce is found out to be 707849.52 lakhs that is 1040.95 million USD in 2020-21.

This is a huge market and India has the potential to acquire that market well. In support to that we have some data from India, where under this program, on 31st March 2021; an area of production of 4339184.93 ha of land has been registered for 2020-21.

Also, of all the States in India, Madhya Pradesh has succeeded to cover a larger area under organic certification followed by Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jamu and Kashmir and Karnataka.

Operational structure of NPOP:

As a whole this program is going to turn out to be of great help to all the farmers and exporters wherein standardization and certification is happening that suffice the requirements of the importers and increases the total volume of export of the produce for the exporters. Also, with the help and accreditation of APEDA, the process would be under the assistance and observation of the Central Government.

So in the long run this might prove to be a win-win situation for all. Not just this but this program includes policies for the development of organic products and certification according to national standards for the products as well as processes.

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